So, are you looking to purchase a replacement or a spare tire for your mountain bike? But you don’t know how to measure the wheel size of a bike?
In this guide, we will list some details associated with how to measure the wheel size of a bike.
And the best part is that you can use these techniques to measure the wheel size of any bike. Wheel size measurement is a part of standard bike maintenance, and you can either do it by determining the size of the rim or the tire. So, carry on reading on how to measure the wheel size of a bike.
Check Those Tire Markings
Before knowing how to measure the wheel size of a bike you need to understand that most bikes have their tires marked with the wheel size on the sidewall of their tires. You can also check your bike manual as it will have the wheel size of your bike in its specifications.
You can get in touch with your bike shop, and they will tell you about your bike’s tire size. Another way to find these numbers is to check the retailer’s website. The wheel size of your bike will be mentioned in the specification section of your bike.
There are different sized wheels; the smaller group features 16-inch (ISO 305mm) wheels, 20-inch (ISO 406mm) wheels, and 24-inch (ISO 507mm) wheels.
And then there are full-sized standard wheels like 26-inch (ISO 559mm) wheels, 27-inch (ISO 630mm), 27.5-inch (ISO 584mm) wheels, and 29-inch (ISO 622mm) wheels. Furthermore, oversized wheels are available on the market, including 32-inch (ISO 686mm) wheels and 36-inch (ISO 787mm) wheels.
These numbers are provided here to give you an overview. In the following text, we will highlight some techniques to determine the diameter and width of your tires.
Now, let’s talk about how to measure bike wheel size.
So, how do you measure bike wheel size? The standard technique is the most popular one for measuring the tire size of a bike. Stand your mountain bike upright with a kickstand or by leaning it against a wall.
You can measure the bike wheel when your bike is upright, and it won’t tip onto you. You can use retractable metal tape to measure your bike instead of plastic tape. If you have someone else with you to help, then you can use a plastic measuring tape.
You need to begin by measuring the distance from your wheel’s center towards the ground beneath the tires. Make sure you keep the measuring units similar by using only inches throughout the measurement process. So, you don’t have to do any conversions and waste your time.
The measurement that you will determine here will be the wheel’s radius, which is also half of its diameter. You can get to diameter by multiplying the radius by 2.
Excluding those BMX models, most adult mountain bike wheels range in diameter between 26 inches to 29 inches. If you have your tires mounted, you can use your tire’s sidewall to find its measurement.
It’s time to measure the flat part of the tire across. It means that you will do the measurement of the tread from one side to the other. The distance here is the tire’s width that can vary based on the use of the tire on different terrains.
For instance, the tread will be thicker on a mountain bike than a road bike because it has to deal with uneven terrain. The thicker and wider tread will allow better grips on uneven terrain and maintain a better grip. In addition, narrower treads are better suited for faster and smoother rides.
Measurements and dimensions of a tire have its diameter first and width second traditionally. For instance, if a tire has its size mentioned as 29 x 2.25, that tire is 26 inches while its tread width or thickness across is 2.25 inches.
This is the traditional way of measuring the size of your bike tire, and it’s common with most types of bikes out there. So, there you go now, you won’t have to think, “how do I know my bike wheel size.”
There is a second method of measuring wheel size on the bike, and the International Organization for Standardization establishes it. This system has millimeters for signifying the wheel size for the bike.
If you don’t have this measuring tape with metric rules on it, keep in mind that one inch has 25.4 millimeters and find out the width using a calculator by multiplying inches with 25.4.
ISO sizing is one of the most reliable options to measure your bike tires right in the comfort of your home. This is because these numbers will give you the most accurate measurements of your bike tire size.
Most tires are measured with both the ISO and the standard technique. When buying a tire, make sure its size is printed on its sidewall. So, you can pick the right one based on your needs.
So, how to measure MTB wheel size? You can either stand it against the wall or put it on its kickstand. Then, measure the size in millimeters from the wheel’s center to its inner edge. Then, you can multiply this figure by 2 to get the diameter of your tire as it is the radius in millimeters.
In the ISO system range, most adult bike tires range from 650 mm to 700 mm. This measuring technique includes both the BSD or bead seat diameter along the width of the tire in its final millimeters.
For example, a 700x35c tire has a 622 m bead seat diameter, and its width is 35 mm across. Therefore, its ISO designated number will be 35-622. At the same time, a 26 x 2.00-inch tire will come with a 559 mm bead seat diameter. And its ISO designated number will be 50-559.
You can use the same process we have listed above to measure the tire size from one side to another across the tread. You need to keep in mind that tires of different widths can be used on a similar bike wheel if there is a minor difference.
As opposed to the traditional technique, ISO methods mention the width of your tire first and then its diameter. Therefore, you need to have a look at the numbers first. After that, check to see whether the tire size is given in ISO or standard way.
Wheel size 39 x 700 and 39mm wide with a diameter of 700 mm from its outer edge. Its bead seat diameter will be 622 mm. If the bike tire is sized 29 x 2.25 inches, its diameter is 29 inches. In comparison, its tread width is 2.25 inches in the standard technique.
The circumference is the distance from one point around the circle to the same point on the outside of your bike’s wheel. This is the number to properly calibrate your bike’s odometer, speedometer, and GPS.
Just like your motorbike or car’s odometer and speedometer, if you change the size of the heels, the gauges will show inaccurate numbers. Therefore, you will have to set your bike equipment based on the size of your bike wheel as well.
Whether you are looking to calibrate your bike’s cyclometer or have purchased a new one, you will have to determine your bike wheel’s circumference to calibrate the gauge properly.
The circumference of any circle can be found out quickly if you know its diameter, which is the distance on a circle from one side to the other on the opposite end. We all know pi equals 3.14.
Now, if your tire’s diameter is 26 inches, you can multiply it with pi (3.14 x 26), and it will provide you with the circumference of your tire, which will be 81.64 inches in this case.
If you know the width and diameter of your tire, then you can look up the circumference on an online wheel-size bike chart.
Another technique of determining the circumference of your bike’s wheel is using a string. If you don’t know the diameter of your wheel, you need to evenly wrap a string right around the outer edge of your bike tire.
You can cut or mark the string where it reaches its starting point. Now measure the length of this string and determine the circumference of your bike wheel.
You can mark a spot on the tread of your tire using wet paint. Now carefully push your bike in a straight line for at least a couple of rotations.
You are doing so to make sure that the wet paint spot marks the ground underneath twice. Now measure the distance between the first spot and the second spot, and you will have the circumference of your tire.
How to measure the wheel size of a bike is not a difficult task at all. You can get those numbers in your bike’s owner’s manual or on the manufacturer’s or retailer’s website under the specification section.
If you can’t find your wheel size there or don’t have access to your bike’s owner’s manual, you can measure it on your own using various techniques.
You need to go for the right wheel size based on the size of your bike for the best performance. In addition, it is important if you are looking to calibrate your bike for its GPS, odometer, and speedometer.